Jan 18, 2016 / by Aarti Pandey

Assam is all about surreal natural beauty, bountiful and magnificent wildlife and tranquil tree plantations. Apart from the geography, the warm beautiful people and the beautiful culture of this place is something that drives our heart towards it. Resting in nature’s charm, Assam has a very delightful and celebrated cultural heritage.  The festivals and dance are the factors that add to the charm of this exquisite beauty.

The significance of dance in Assam’s culture is a proof of its history of dancing tradition that is strongly depicted in its ancient texts and temple sculptures. Bihu is a traditional Dance of Assam where a group of males & females dance together but maintain different gender roles. This ecstatic dance is characterized by brisk dance steps, and quick hand movements. All the dancers wear traditional Assamese clothing.

History of Bihu Dance:  

The foundation of Bihu dance is not known yet; the first entrustment is cited to be when Ahom King Rudra Singha invited Bihu dancers to perform at Ranghar field somewhere around 1694 on the occasion of Rangoli Bihu. The inclination of this festival is more towards agricultural side than religious side, it is celebrated with full of joy & prosperity by all the tribes, regardless of what their beliefs may be. Historically, Bihu is believed to be originated in the pre-Aryan days around 3500 century B.C. From that time many centuries till now, celebration used to last for a month or more.

Bihu is said to be derived from the language of Dimasa Kacharis, an agrarian tribe that has been existed from many a centuries. Bihu is said to be a festival of rejoice, offering thanks, and praying for a lavish Harvest.

Significance of Bihu in Health:

Bihu’s dance steps are so quick and energetic that it helps in maintaining health also. The pelvic movements help to maintain body’s back and hip joint. There is lot of bending in this dance so it helps in regaining the body’s flexibility. Also, the hand movements in this dance are so energetic that our wrist joint becomes strong. The soft footwork on the slope helps the foreleg and different leg muscles. The head & shoulder movements are helpful in making shoulders strong & flexible.

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